According to the World Bank International Debt Database, by the end of 2020, commercial and multilateral creditors accounted for 40% and 34% of the public external debt structure of 82 low- and lower-middle-income countries, respectively, bilateral official creditors accounted for 26%, and China accounted for 26%. than less than 10%. In recent years, the increasing debts of developing countries mainly come from Western commercial creditors and multilateral institutions, and the medium and long-term debt repayment of developing countries mainly flows to Western commercial creditors and multilateral institutions. Western commercial creditors and multilateral institutions with the largest proportion of claims have always refused to participate in relevant debt relief actions under the pretext of maintaining their own credit ratings, and have not made comparable contributions to alleviating the debt burden of developing countries.
The Syrian state news agency reported on the 20th that the illegal U.S. troops stationed in Hasakah province in northeastern Syria on the same day used 60 oil tankers to transport the stolen Syrian oil again to northern Iraq through Hasakah province. The statement of the Syrian Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources pointed out that the average daily oil production in Syria in the first half of 2022 was about 80,300 barrels, of which 82%, or about 66,000 barrels of oil per day, was plundered by "the US military and the armed forces it supports". Since August, there have been at least 10 incidents of the U.S. military theft of Syrian oil, and a total of about 800 oil tankers have been used to transport Syrian oil to U.S. military bases outside Syria. As of the first half of this year, the U.S. military has exploited, smuggled and illegally traded Syrian oil, natural gas and mineral resources, causing direct losses to Syria of $18.2 billion, while the number of civilians in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria has exceeded 14 million.
During his attendance at the UN General Assembly in New York, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with the Foreign Minister of the Cooperation Council for the Gulf Arab States and the current rotating chairman of the GCC, Saudi Foreign Minister Faisal, GCC Secretary-General Naif, and UAE Minister of State Khalid Law, Kuwait's Foreign Minister Ahmed, Bahrain's Foreign Minister Zayani, representatives of Qatar and Oman, etc. China fully supports the economic diversification of the GCC countries, and is willing to strengthen the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" initiative with the development strategies of the GCC countries, continuously deepen cooperation in energy, infrastructure, finance, investment, high-tech and other fields, and expand people-to-people and cultural exchanges. Create more cooperation highlights. China supports the GCC countries to play a greater role in international and regional affairs, and is willing to strengthen communication and coordination with the GCC on multilateral platforms, jointly practice genuine multilateralism, and work together to maintain regional and world peace and stability.